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A report on soap making in Nigeria using indigenous ...

Key words: Soap, raw materials, technology, chemistry, quality control. In everyday life we use soap to wash dishes, clean clothes, or keep our bodies presentable to nose and eye. Soap therefore has numerous applications in our daily life. One of its great values is …

How to Make (Produce) Liquid Washing Soap – Detergent ...

Find your answers in this practical guide. Liquid soap as the name implies is soap in liquid form. It is a cleansing agent and it is a multi-purpose cleanser. Liquid soap is also known as liquid detergent. It can emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension. ... -Get your sulphonic acid, one of the important chemicals for making soap, pour inside ...

THE SCIENCE OF SOAPS AND DETERGENTS

A soap is a salt of a compound known as a fatty acid. A soap molecule consists of a long hydrocarbon chain (composed of carbons and hydrogens) with a carboxylic acid group on one end which is ionic bonded to a metal ion, usually a sodium or potassium. The hydrocarbon end is nonpolar and is soluble in nonpolar substances

EXPERIMENT # ------ SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP …

The Chemistry of Soap Soap making involves the hydrolysis of a triglyceride (fat or oil) using an alkaline solution usually lye, chemical name sodium hydroxide .

Soap Making: Practical and Artistic Chemistry for the ...

Soap making processes and show how to apply it as practical science in the Waldorf Curriculum The chemistry of soap making involves processes developed thousands of years ago and some of the most modern industrial processes Because it is both practical chemistry and a beauty product, soap can be used to establish interest in both male

EXPERIMENT # ------ SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF …

local markets.”1 To date, most people use similar methods to make home-made soaps. The Chemistry of Soap Soap making involves the hydrolysis of a triglyceride (fat or oil) using an alkaline solution usually lye, chemical name sodium hydroxide. Triglycerides are typically triesters consisting of 3 long-chain

THE SCIENCE OF SOAPS AND DETERGENTS

A soap is a salt of a compound known as a fatty acid. A soap molecule consists of a long hydrocarbon chain (composed of carbons and hydrogens) with a carboxylic acid group on one end which is ionic bonded to a metal ion, usually a sodium or potassium. The hydrocarbon end is nonpolar and is soluble in nonpolar substances

Soap - Chemistry Encyclopedia - structure, reaction, water ...

Soap - Chemistry Encyclopedia; Soap. Photo by: Vladimir Voronin. Soaps are cleaning agents that are usually made by reacting alkali (e.g., sodium hydroxide) with naturally occurring fat or fatty acids. The reaction produces sodium salts of these fatty acids, which improve the cleaning process by making water better able to lift away greasy ...

Experiment 13 – Preparation of Soap

Jan 13, 2012·You will start out by making three separate soap solutions, as detailed in the following steps. 10. Mix 1 g of the soap you prepared with 50 mL of warm deionized water. Swirl the solution to mix it well (but try not to shake it, because you don’t want to make lots of suds yet). Label this solution.

Making Everyday Chemsitry Public Project

The principle of soap works because soap is made up of molecules with two very different ends. One is hydrophilic, and it is this end of the soap molecule that loves water. This is the "salt" end of the soap; it is ionic and soluble in water. The hydrophobic end does not mix with water, and is therefore repelled by it.

Practical Cosmetic Formulating - Chemists Corner

That’s why we’ve put together this course which gives you practical, science-based information about formulating and making cosmetics. Not only will you learn how to make formulas for all types of cosmetic and personal care products, but you will learn how professional, cosmetic industry chemists do it including the type of equipment, the ...

(PDF) CHE485 - Lab Report on Preparation of Soap and ...

Beneath the plain white surface of a bar of Ivory soap lies an intrigung history and a powerful chemistry.Actually, soap and detergents are very similar in their chemical properties which is same function used to wash and clean a dirt. However, there is a significant difference between them where the soaps are produced from the natural products ...

Saponification-The process of Making Soap (Theory) : Class ...

Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. When triglycerides in fat/oil react with aqueous NaOH or KOH, they are converted into soap and glycerol. This is called alkaline hydrolysis of esters. Since this reaction leads to the formation of soap, it is called the Saponification process.

Anne L. Watson ~ Smart Soapmaking (Making Traditional ...

Just make soap.’”—Amanda Blake Soule, author, The Creative Family and Handmade Home, Soule Mama (blog), Feb. 7, 2012 “This is the book I wish I had read first, years ago. Anne explains the basic tools and steps of soap making better than any [other] basic book on the market today—and in doing so, dispels many of the old‑time myths ...

Soap - Wikipedia

Soap is a salt of a fatty acid used in a variety of cleansing and lubricating products. In a domestic setting, soaps are surfactants usually used for washing, bathing, and other types of housekeeping.In industrial settings, soaps are used as thickeners, components of some lubricants, and precursors to catalysts.. When used for cleaning, soap solubilizes particles and grime, which can then be ...

A Guide to Caustic Chemicals Used in Soap Making | Brenntag

Today, the process of making soap most commonly involves reacting an organic acid with an alkaline chemical like potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide.Industrially, the caustic soda base used most often is sodium hydroxide, which is also called lye. The main difference between potassium and sodium soaps is consistency — usually, potassium makes a softer, more water-soluble soap than sodium.

Preparation of Soap Using Different Types of Oils and ...

Various attempts have been made to produce soap by first decomposing the fat or oil into fatty acids and glycerin, and then converting the acids into the soap by treatment with sodium or potassium carbonate. Three conventional methods of soap making are generally used: …

Making soaps and detergents using castor oil | Experiment ...

The initial saponification process takes anywhere from 20 – 90 minutes. After the soap mixture is poured into a mold the rest of the saponification takes place and can take from 5 – 6 weeks. Once the soap has cured it can be tested for proper ph levels using a test strip. You are looking for a …

Cleaning chemistry: soaps and detergents | Resource | RSC ...

3. Making soap Summary. Students conduct a practical experiment to make their own soap using cooking fat, water and sodium hydroxide. They then work through a short series of questions to explore the process involved and draw out key points about the …

Saponification-The process of Making Soap (Procedure ...

Real Lab Procedure: Take 25 ml of coconut oil in a measuring cylinder and pour it into a 250 ml glass beaker. Measure 30 ml of 20% NaOH solution in another measuring cylinder and add it into the beaker containing vegetable oil. Vigorously stir the mixture using a glass rod. Touch the beaker from outside.

Soap Making: Practical and Artistic Chemistry for the ...

Soap making processes and show how to apply it as practical science in the Waldorf Curriculum The chemistry of soap making involves processes developed thousands of years ago and some of the most modern industrial processes Because it is both practical chemistry and a beauty product, soap can be used to establish interest in both male

Chemistry of Soap | Sweet and Simple Soaps

Soap cleans by its ability to act as an emulsifying agent. Oil doesn’t mix with water, but it attracts dirt, so soap makes it easer to remove. 6) What are the four differnt ways you can make soap? 4 Ways to Make Soap: 1. Melt and Pour- buy a pre-made kit and melt it. Then customize it and let harden. 2. Cold Process- creating your own soap ...

Saponification Practical - Make your own soap | Teaching ...

This is a chemistry practical for KS4 science students and A-level chemistry students that lets them make their own soap via a saponification reaction between vegetable fats and sodium hydroxide from lye. It also explains the saponification reaction in detail and …

Saponification - Wikipedia

Saponification is a process that involves the conversion of fat, oil, or lipid, into soap and alcohol by the action of heat in the presence of aqueous alkali (e.g. NaOH).Soaps are salts of fatty acids and fatty acids are monomers of lipids that have long carbon chains (at least 10) e.g. sodium palmitate.Saponification reactions are generally exothermic and almost totally irreversible.

An introduction to the science of how things get clean

600 Soap-making became an established craft in Europe. 1100 Italy, Spain, and France became centers of soap-making. 1600 Soap-makers arrived at the Jamestown colony in North America. 1700 Nicolas Leblanc invented a way to make soda ash from salt in 1791. 1800 • Michel Chevreul discovered secrets of fat and soap chemistry.

A report on soap making in Nigeria using indigenous ...

Key words: Soap, raw materials, technology, chemistry, quality control. In everyday life we use soap to wash dishes, clean clothes, or keep our bodies presentable to nose and eye. Soap therefore has numerous applications in our daily life. One of its great values is …

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